Medicinal Plants Used in Traditional Medicine in Aizawl and Mamit Districts of Mizoram

State of Mizoram is located in the north east corner of India of which the areas of the districts under study lies between 210 56’ N-230 E latitude and 920 16’-930 26’N longitude, descending in the south east extremity of North eastern region with the formation of sandwich between Myanmar in the east and Bangladesh in the West by sharing an international boundary of 585 kilo meters with these two countries Remaining part of the state is bounded with the state of Tripura in the West and Assam in the north partially the north eastern boundary of the state is also surrounded by Manipur. The state is divided into 8 districts out of which Aizawl and Mamit covered under studies are located in the northeastern part of the state.

Information on is available on the use of traditionally used medicines and their distribution in the areas with traditional use of commercially important medicinal plants suitable for developing traditional knowledge for socio- economic upliftment. Information on the medicinal wealth and various aspects of folk lore medicines used by the natives of Mizoram is sufficiently available (Mahati, 1994; Lalramnghinglova, 1996; 1999; Singh et al. 2002; Lalfakzuahla et al., 2007; Rai & Lalramnghinglova, 2010a, b, c). Medico botanical exploration of districts of Kolasib, Aizawl, and Chaphai had also been made (Rama Shankar, 2009).

However, the details of the medicinal plants used by the traditional healers of Aizawl and Mamit districts are insufficiently known Accordingly, the attempt on medico ethno botanical aspects of Aizawl and Mamit districts have been taken under study where in the medicinal plants belonging to established system of medicine i. e. Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha were used by the traditional folk healers in a crude single or combination of drugs for the cure of different diseases as well as methodology of use in comparison to already reported disease and methodology. In general, traditional healers use crude drug part either in fresh juice or decoction for healing the ailments. In case of joint pains, headache or other types of pain, poultice or paste of fresh plant is externally used. During the study about 37 such medicinal plants used by traditional healers along with their healing practices and methodology from the districts under study have been recorded and discussed in this paper.

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(Author: Rama Shankar, M.S. Rawat

Published by Macrothink Institute)