Strategy Implementation Traceability of Breeding Shrimp Business in Indonesia

Tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon Fabricius) is a ‘native shrimp’ Indonesia. Activities: arrest broodstock, captive breeding to produce seed until shrimp are cultured in Indonesia basically produce shrimp first derivative or F1. Broodstock tiger shrimp in Indonesia has been standardized in SNI 01-6142-2006 namely Penaeus monodon Fabricius 1798 (Anonymous, 2008. Nurdjana, 2008).

Vannamei shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei), comes from the waters of the Pacific Ocean in the Hawaiian Islands and the West coast of America; making broodstock go to Indonesia is the first derivative of F1 from crosses or natural broodstock at the hatchery on the islands of Hawaii. Therefore, vannamei shrimp cultivated in Indonesia as F1 is essentially a second-generation seed or F2.

Regulation of the Minister of Marine and Fisheries Phone PER.03/MEN/2005 about quarantine measures by third parties; articles 2, 3 and 4 require careful monitoring. Articles 6, 7 and 8 as a form of action that can be taken by the Government with no third-party oversight of technical rules. In addition, the Minister of Marine and Fisheries Number PER.15/MEN/2011 on Quality Control and Safety of Fishery The Log into the Territory of the Republic of Indonesia. Article 6 (paragraph 2) – there is no requirement of integrity pact as a form of full responsibility importer which states that: if the imported fish is detected as carriers of disease or potentially harmful to the spread of disease will be immediately destroyed instantly, including all losses are borne by the importer. There is also no form of supervision by an independent party to quarantine the fish (which comes from imports) is. Whereas the broodstock in the preparation of the document traceability from sea to table is upstream of all the problems in the shrimp business in Indonesia.

Businesses seeding states that that there is no regulation or standard of Good Breeding Practices Operaional procedure is technically capable of guaranteeing free treatment of antibiotics. Hatchery since 2004 have begun to consciously change the way seed movement by abandoning the use of antibiotics and to promote the use of probiotics.

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(Author: Angky Soedrijanto, Martani Huseini, Margono Setiawan, Eddy Suprayitno

Published by Macrothink Institute)